Dog Name Best

What do you know about the history of hairless dogs? 2022

Dog Name Best

How much do you know about such a mysterious hairless dog? Let's take a look at the history of hairless dogs!

Man's best friend

For the ancient Aztecs and Mayans, our best friend was the Mexican hairless dog. They were therapists and occasionally food, but most importantly, they could lead us to the underworld.

The name of the Mexican hairless dog ( Xoloitzcuintli ) comes from two Aztec words: Xolotl and itzcuntli, the God of lightning and death. In Aztec mythology, solotho created the dog to lead the living and the dead through the dangerous world of Mictlán.

One of the oldest dog breeds in America

Researchers believe that the Mexican hairless dog is one of the oldest dog breeds in America, with a history of at least 3500 years. Their ancestors accompanied the earliest immigrants in Asia and gradually became what we see today. They don't have hair because of a genetic mutation, and they don't have premolars. Archaeologists can easily identify the remains of a Mexican hairless dog based on this unique tooth feature.


Mexican hairless dogs in Central American art, usually with pointed ears and wrinkled skin, indicate that they have no hair. Among them, the most common form is small ceramic containers. The most famous one is the collimator. Most of the excavations are located in the western part of today's Mexico. In the state of kolima and the neighboring states of Nayarit and halisco, archaeologists estimate that more than 75% of graves in pre classical times had such containers. These ceramic containers symbolize dogs, leading the dead to the underworld.


The breed also attracted the attention of European chroniclers, such as Christopher Columbus, and the 16th century Spanish missionary Bernardino de sahag ú n, who once described the azcots covering their dogs with blankets at night. Hairless bodies are also excellent heat conductors, just like ancient thermos bottles, which can bring warmth to the old, the weak, the sick and the disabled.