Beauceron is one of the most famous shepherd dogs in France. Its appearance is reminiscent of Dobermann. The difference can be distinguished by its long tail and a remnant toe. The tip of the ear is often cut off in France. It was first used to hunt wild boar, but later it was used to shepherd because of its intelligence and adaptability. In wartime, it was even used to convey messages. The nickname "bosh roach" refers to dogs with brown patches on their legs. Beauceron looks like a Doberman. They are smart, brave, loyal, dedicated to work and are good guard dogs and herders.
Morphological characteristics of Beauceron
Body shape and appearance: long snout, black nose; strong and powerful neck; smooth and smooth coat, side abdomen, legs and tail with hair; lower leg is reddish brown, hind leg has a residual toe, tail is low; height 64-71 cm, weight 30-90 kg.
Beauceron looks big, muscular, powerful and fearless. But it is not bulky, the head is longer and the skull is flat or arched. It has a long snout, a black nose, and two ears folded down. The neck is strong and powerful. The nails are black and round. There is a remnant toe on the hind leg. Beauceron has short but thick fur, tight and smooth, with some long drooping hairs on the legs, the underside of the tail, and the ventral ribs. The standard fur colors are black and tan, black and variegated. Once popular Tan (tan), gray, gray and black are abandoned by the standard. Most of them are reddish brown above the eyes, throat, chest, limbs, and under the tail.
The origin of Beauceron
Originated in the 16th century, it was produced in France. It was first used to hunt wild boar, and later turned to sheep husbandry. In wartime, it was even used to convey news.
The character of Beauceron
Beauceron looks like a Doberman. They are smart, brave, loyal, dedicated to work and are good guard dogs and herders. Beauceron, like other wolfhounds, is ferocious once it gets angry, so we should pay attention to training.
Living habits of Beauceron
Be afraid, be bold and alert, be very brave. It can get along well with other animals that he knows, such as dogs and cats. He has a balanced and stable personality that will not change all his life. Once he has adapted to the master and his family, he is absolutely loyal and always ready to listen to the master's orders. He has no less close ties with his family than a member of the family. He is very brave and takes protecting family and property as his duty, and dare to challenge any intruder. Quick to execute orders, sensitive to the host's emotions. Take the assigned work very seriously. He didn't like to stay in the kennel. In front of children will control themselves, Beauceron quiet and peaceful, very docile. With a high IQ and strong memory, Beauceron is so sensitive to its master's commands that many people think it is interlinked with its master. Due to the nature of Beauceron, it is necessary to start training its obedience to social requirements as soon as possible. In the wild environment, because it can have more time to play and exercise, Beauceron will do better. There is no reason to bark. Unjust punishment cannot be tolerated. Caressing is considered the best reward.
History of Beauceron
Beauceron is a very old purebred dog bred locally in France, although it is not well known in other countries. Named after Beauce, France. The nicknames are: French short haired shepherd, Beauce shepherd, bas Rouge (meaning red socks, because the lower limbs of Beauceron are brownish red). Although named after the Beauce area, Beauceron is said to have originated from Bree. Although they are quite different in appearance, they share a common ancestor with Bree.
Beauceron was first described in 1587. By 1809, a priest first described the difference between Beauceron and Bree in an article. In the late 19th century, farmers with cattle and sheep held a meeting and decided to name the long haired dog Bree and the short haired dog Beauceron (Beauceron). At the end of the 19th century, pol Morgan began to study the discrimination between the two, and formulated the identification standard of Beauceron. In 1922, under the leadership of Morgan, the Beauceron club was established. The Beauceron standard has been revised six times in the past 100 years, and the last revision was implemented on November 29, 2001.
Since the 1960s, Beauceron has been widely adopted in France, but it has only recently become popular in many foreign countries, including the United States. What is most attractive is their appearance and character. French writers even labeled him "French gentleman".
Beauceron is a widely used breed. It was once used to hunt wild boar and played three roles for a long time: herding dog (herding cattle and sheep, etc.), guard dog and family guard dog. In the two European world wars, it was also used by the military to transmit information, supply goods, transport, detect mines, rescue the wounded, etc. Today, they are still excellent military dogs and police dogs, as well as family guard dogs and companion dogs.