Belgian Shepherd Dog is a kind of versatile, intelligent and easy to train dog, which is slightly smaller than German shepherd dog. Its beautiful appearance, strong, flexible and muscular, alert, energetic, brave and never tired features make it able to do different jobs.
The origin of Belgian Shepherd Dog
According to the history and origin of Belgian Shepherd Dog, the malinu is a kind of Belgian Shepherd Dog. Therefore, Belgian Shepherd Dog refers not only to the marinus, but also to the Mongolian groenedael. According to a more unified view, Belgian Shepherd Dog was formed by the crossbreeding of mastiff dogs from central Europe or local areas with deerhound introduced from England in the 13th century.
Before the 19th century, there were many breeds of shepherd dogs in Belgium. Later, due to the reduction of the need to guard the sheep, the breeders bred and improved the four basic breeds with different colors of coat, namely black long coat, short coat, variegated long hair and bristle. Fans think of these breeds as different forms of the same breed. The United States regards these four forms as different varieties. Before the beginning of the 20th century, Belgian Shepherd Dog was widely used to guard sheep near Belgium. Now it is mainly used in military and police circles, or used for personal protection.
Four independent varieties
In the 19th century, in Belgium, many native breeds like shepherd dogs had developed a variety of coat colors and coat types. Around 1891, a veterinarian doctor named a. Reul collected more than 100 Belgian Shepherd Dog materials and interviewed their owners in order to formulate the breed standard of Belgian Shepherd Dog. When the dogs were gathered together, he found that these dogs had different hair color types, and then established the Belgian Shepherd Dog Association. In 1898, Belgian Shepherd Dog was divided into four independent breeds according to different coat colors and distribution areas.
Belgian Groenendael, Belgian Laekenois, Belgian Malinois, Belgian Tervuren.
Belgian Shepherd Dog's temperament
Belgian Shepherd Dog is nervous, sensitive and impulsive, especially sensitive to stimuli. They are as follows: alert and focused, stubborn personality; loyal to the master, occasionally aggressive to strangers; energetic, intelligent, flexible and enthusiastic, requiring a lot of exercise. To sum up, the character of Belgian Shepherd Dog is: love its owner very much. In one hundred years of Belgian Shepherd Dog, Jean Marie vansbutsele wrote, "Belgian Shepherd Dog It's very sensitive, it's more than any other breed, and it's loving. "
Based on the characteristics of Belgian Shepherd Dog, captivity is not good for dog personality development and training. Among the four different types of Belgian Shepherd Dog, the strongest personality is the marinus, which is stronger and more confident than the other three breeds. It is very sensitive and should not be treated roughly. Training must be strict, gentle and patient.
Use of Belgian Shepherd Dog
Before the 20th century, Belgian Shepherd Dog was widely used to guard sheep, guard and graze in Belgium. In the early 20th century, Belgian Shepherd Dog began to be used for security and sports. During the Second World War, thousands of Belgian Shepherd Dog served in the army. They were used as Herald dogs, reconnaissance dogs, border patrol dogs and field rescue dogs. Since the 1950s, Belgian Shepherd Dog has been used for a variety of purposes, such as the military and police, or used to protect the body of pub owners. At the same time, it is also very popular in family dogs.
Today, Belgian Shepherd Dog is used as shepherd dog, guard dog, police dog, tracking dog, search and rescue dog, customs drug search dog and so on. Among the more than 500 military dogs in the Belgian army, most of them are marinus; among the police dogs in Germany, France, the United States and other countries, marinus still accounts for a considerable proportion. At the end of the 20th century, China began to introduce marinus from abroad and used it in police, military, customs and so on. The folk dog lovers did not show weakness. They obtained their favorite marinua dogs through various ways, which were used for sports, home care and so on. In 2000, an Belgian Shepherd Dog of Tianjin police dog team won the fourth place in the first national police dog competition, which shows that Belgian Shepherd Dog has high police value.