Dachshund is a short legged, long bodied hound. Its name comes from Germany, originally meaning "badger dog". This species has been developed for sniffing, hunting, and hunting badgers and other burrowing animals. Interestingly, although "dachshund" is a German word, it is not commonly used in Germany, which is usually called dackel or teckel. Originated in Germany, now throughout the country. Dachshund is a good breed in all breeds. Because dachshund's nature is independent, it is easy to take care of it, and the instructions given by the owner will be understood and followed quickly.
Dachshund is a kind of hunting dog specially used to catch wild animals in narrow caves. Because of its short limbs and its whole body is like a sausage, it is named dachshund. The dog was produced in Germany, also known as dackel or teckel in Germany, and has been popular since the middle ages. The first Dachshund Club was founded in Germany in 1840. Dachshund was a short haired dog at first, and then bred long hair and bristle dog breeds. Dachshund was introduced into England in 1850. The British began to cultivate a mini dachshund for amusement, which was successful. In 1935, a small Dachshund Club was established.
Morphological characteristics of dachshund
Dachshund has a long, narrow head with a wedge-shaped skull and a slightly arched crown. The sunken part of the mouth, nose and skull between the eyes is very prominent. The ears are moderately long and wide, with the roots close to the back of the head, and the front edge is vertical to the cheek, showing a beautiful arc. The eyes are slightly inclined apricot eyes, the color is dark, and the expression is rich. The mouth and nose are long and thin, and the nose is large and black. The jaw is strong and powerful, the lips are closed and the teeth are scissors bite. The forelimb is short from the front and leans slightly inward. The toes are broad and powerful and grow straight out. The meat pad on the foot is very thick, the nail is firm and dark, the thigh length is appropriate, the lower leg is short, and forms a right angle with the thigh. The hind limbs are erect, and the toes, pads or toenails are roughly the same as the forelimbs. The tail is strong, with thick hair and tapers towards the tip. The end of the tail is thin and straight, on the extension line of the back.
The character of dachshund
The most striking thing about dachshund is that it walks unsteadily and lovingly. It is loyal to its master, alert to strangers and easy to train. It is a natural companion dog. It is alert and gentle, beautiful but not proud. Dachshund is lively, cheerful, brave, cautious and confident. He often makes funny behavior and is a happy dog. Indomitable when working on the ground or underground, all senses are very developed. Outdoors, the Dachshund is brave, energetic and indefatigable; indoors, it is loving and sensitive, quiet and friendly, and playful. When dachshund squints and sticks out his tongue, it means he is in a good mood. They also shake their tails, twist their bodies from side to side, and walk lightly to express their happiness. It is also a symbol of joy when it grunts from its nose. When they are close to people, they will erect their tails, swing horizontally, stretch their necks, and trot all the way. Their pupils will glow and jump constantly, and their whole body will show uncontrollable happiness. When it spits out its tongue "ha ha" to the host coquetry, it is also a happy time, may as well share this happiness with it. Dachshund is also very coquettish. They are coquettish when they see you smile, when they are lonely and bored, when they need your company, when they are tired of walking outside, they want you to cuddle when they are tired, when they are hungry or when they want toys. They will look at you with their watery eyes, affectionate and pitiful. They will lower their heads and rub your trouser legs with their big ears, so that you can't bear to refuse any of its requirements. Dachshund has an amazing aura of communicating with people, and it is full of Frank joy and sadness. Its delicate facial features and rich body language are full of peculiar expression ability. We can deeply feel their joy, anger and sorrow without complicated conversation.
Types of dachshund
There are three types of hair in dachshunds: short, thick and close to the body; long hair, straight and long, with marginal hairs in some parts; and bristles, with rough bristles all over the body. According to the difference of body shape, it can be divided into two types. The mini type is below 5kg and the standard type is 7kg to 14.5kg. These two specifications have the above three hair types.
Long hair dachshund back hair is wavy, bright and smooth, a long back hair gives it a gentle appearance. The hair is long below the neck, chest, under the body, ears and behind the legs. The hair length of the whole body is the same. The hair is curly and the tail is held gently, on the extension line of the spine. The color of the hair is basically the same as that of the short hair dachshund, but the length of the hair is different.
Short haired Dachshund
The short haired Dachshund has a short, smooth coat and a brush shaped tail, which is naturally defective. Chest hair has a small amount of white is normal, generally for two colors, solid color is not much. They include boar, chocolate, black, gray, camel, and each with a little brown markings. Dark, short haired dachshunds are more popular.
In addition to the jaw, eyebrows and ears, the whole body of the dog is covered with a uniform compact, short, thick, rough and hard outer coat, while the bottom hair is short and delicate, soft and distributed in the rough hair. The tail is strong, with thick hair and tapers towards the tip. Hair color: boar color, black, brown, with varying degrees of red.